This week we will do an in-depth discussion of Paulo Freire’s “Banking Concept of Education” and the idea of oppressors and the oppressed. We will also counter-view the traditional method of education with the following TEDx Talk from the 13 year old hack schooler, Morgan Laplante, 

Pedagogy of the Oppressed, an overview


Transformation pedagogy


Key Terms and Vocabulary in Freire


A deep overview of the chapter “Banking concept of education”


Hopefully we will also get to talk about the basics of APA style this week, but maybe we will have to wait until next week.


Logan Laplante on Tedx


Please subscribe to this youtube channel and and watch this video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vo4pMVb0R6M

We will be exploring the concept of ‘theories’ this week. We will also continue examining a question similar to the ones we are wrestling with in out literature class: what is true knowledge? How can we be certain that an idea or theory is true?

Here is a presentation on theories themselves and nature vs nurture


Rupert Sheldrake https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ra7J1CX-GzQ

Below you will find a highly rated presentation on psychoanalytic theory that was not created by me. Please spend some re-viewing it outside of class so you can try to understand it deeply.


I’ve also prepared a comic on Freud to be read as a supplement to our class.
* it is optional

Here is our resource for understanding Freud more clearly





This week we will discuss Plato’s Theaetetus which is titled as Knowledge as Justified True Belief.

We will first begin with this teded.com lesson on Plato’s Allegory of the Cave. This is perhaps one of the most well known pieces of philosophy in history.


Questions for discussion

1. What is a “Thought Experiment”? Why is Plato’s story considered a thought experiment?

2. How do the prisoners respond to being chained up in the cave? Do they struggle and fight to get free or do they just accept their terrible situation?

3. How does the prisoner who is freed feel when he escapes the cave and sees the real world for the first time?

4. What does the escaped prisoner try to do after he sees the outside world?

5. How do the other prisoners react to his story? Why do you think they do that?

***This last question is similar to what actually happened to Plato’s teacher, Socrates, in real life. He was accused of making the young people of Athens immoral through his teachings and was sentenced to death. This was because he was helping young people see the world from a different perspective and helping them think FOR THEMSELVES, instead of only following tradition.***

Here is a wikipedia link to the article in Japanese as the English will likely be quite difficult to understand. http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%86%E3%82%A2%E3%82%A4%E3%83%86%E3%83%88%E3%82%B9_(%E5%AF%BE%E8%A9%B1%E7%AF%87)

Here is this week’s prezi on Plato’s Theory of Knowledge as it is presented in The Allegory of the Cave and The Theaetititus https://prezi.com/tvmfd16nflwz/plato-and-the-allegory-of-the-cave/

Even more important, here is a Japanese Translation of the text


Extra Points for Understanding

Here is a research article in Japanese explaining the dialogue/story in full http://repo.lib.ryukoku.ac.jp/jspui/bitstream/10519/4915/1/rd-bn-ky_034_021.pdf

This is the episode list of an excellent and short podcast called, History of Philosophy without any gaps, http://www.historyofphilosophy.net/all-episodes If you are interested, you can also look up talks on other philosophers and transcripts (written reviews) of the episodes. Here is a link to episode 22 on Theaetetus http://www.historyofphilosophy.net/plato-theaetetus

The excellent Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/plato-theaetetus/

A Prezi covering several of the readings from this section that ask the question, “Is knowledge justified true belief?” http://prezi.com/yy-rshqkha3w/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy


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